Summary

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Wine region

Official name

Côtes de Vivarais AOC

Type

AOC

Year established

VDQS 1962; AOC 1999

Years of wine industry

2,000

Country

France

Part of

Rhône Valley

Other regions in Rhône Valley

Côtes du Rhône, Costières de Nîmes

Climate region

Mediterranean with cool mountain winds

Soil conditions

limestone marl

Size of planted vineyards

554

No. of vineyards

138

Grapes produced

grapes

No. of wineries

33

Wine produced

red, white, rosé

Comments

2005

Location of Côtes du Vivarais

Côtes du Vivarais is a wine-growing AOC in the northwestern extreme of the southern Rhône wine region "Rhône (wine region)") of France. The wines are produced in 9 communes of the Ardèche department, and in 5 communes of the department of the Gard. The region is bisected by the deep Gorges of the Ardèche and is shares the same latitudes as the Coteaux de Tricastin AOC on the left bank of the Rhône. The wine became a VDQS in 1962 and was awarded the Appellation d'Origine Contrôlée in 1999.

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Article

needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (March 2013)

Wine region

Official name

Côtes de Vivarais AOC

Type

AOC

Year established

VDQS 1962; AOC 1999

Years of wine industry

2,000

Country

France

Part of

Rhône Valley

Other regions in Rhône Valley

Côtes du Rhône, Costières de Nîmes

Climate region

Mediterranean with cool mountain winds

Soil conditions

limestone marl

Size of planted vineyards

554

No. of vineyards

138

Grapes produced

grapes

No. of wineries

33

Wine produced

red, white, rosé

Comments

2005

Location of Côtes du Vivarais

Côtes du Vivarais is a wine-growing AOC in the northwestern extreme of the southern Rhône wine region "Rhône (wine region)") of France. The wines are produced in 9 communes of the Ardèche department, and in 5 communes of the department of the Gard. The region is bisected by the deep Gorges of the Ardèche and is shares the same latitudes as the Coteaux de Tricastin AOC on the left bank of the Rhône. The wine became a VDQS in 1962 and was awarded the Appellation d'Origine Contrôlée in 1999.

Contents

Wines

Red wines account for 80% of the production and are made from Grenache noir minimum 30%, and Syrah, minimum 40% with carignan at less than 10% (until the harvest of 2017), and Cinsault at less than 10% (from the harvest of 2018) as secondary varieties.

Rosé wines account for 15% of the production and are made from Grenache noir, Syrah and Cinsault at .

White wines comprise 5% of the production and are made from Clairette blanche, Grenache blanc, Marsanne.

Economy

Wines have been produced in the region for over 2,000 years. In the region extending from the Rhône valley to the Cévennes and the Ardèche mountains - both foothills of the Massif Central - vines were cultivated by the Helvians, an ancient Gallic tribe. Pliny the Elder reported about a vine in Helvie “that flowers in a day, which protects it from accidents”; the region would wait however, until the Middle Ages before the production was well established and the wine became well known. With the planting of the traditional Rhône valley varieties of Grenache noir, Syrah, Grenache blanc and Marsanne in the early second half of the 20th century, cooperative wineries were formed to increase production to a commercial scale. The Côtes du Vivarais wines are produced on a total of 554 hectares by 149 concerns which include 138 growers, 22 small private wineries, and the 11 cooperative wineries which cater for about 90% of the production.

The vineyards are at an altitude of 250 metres on either side of the gorge and are located in the Ardèche communes of Bidon, Gras, Labastide-de-Virac, Lagorce, Larnas, Orgnac-l'Aven, Saint-Montan, Saint-Remèze, and Vinezac, and in the Gard communes of Barjac, Le Garn, Issirac, Montclus, and Saint-Privat-de-Champclos.^[1]^

References

  1. \^ INAO, April 2007

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